Thursday, August 7, 2014

myFirstGame:(Released)Kachi Kachi

Its my first article for Kachi Kachi. I would be glad if you guys can give some idea to improved it.
Thank you!



      

Kachi Kachi is iPad game. We developed this game in 4 months for iPad user and its a free game . Every one want to know why ? .Here is the answer in our childhood  we used to play one game with unused object like broken glass ,broken bricks etc . How the game start we arranged these objects in way the one object is overlapped each other and these objects were loosely coupled to each other . Now you have  to removed the objects starting from the top objects and while removing the objects make sure that you are not going to disturb the other objects. That is how the game works .Dates back we indian find happens in small things and we say the world you don’t need to find any cause to be happy .This game will make you happy just that .Don’t need to put extra mind in the complex games just touch the top objects and be happy and for sure like us you will be also feel great after playing the game .Its simple and elegance all free only for iPad users !!!!!

Here is the video...






Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Loading Images using GCD


The main reason when a app become sluggish is when the main thread is blocked. To make the app to run smoother main thread should not be blocked. Since UIImage calls will not work on secondary thread if there are too many images to load then definitely the app become unresponsive while loading the images.

In the below method I am creating CGImageRef and then creating UIImage using that CGImageRef. Since CG calls will work in secondary thread you can put image loading part to GCD and leave it for GCD to take of image loading part without blocking main thread;)

+(CGImageRef) createCGImageFromFile  : (NSString*) inName
{  
    CGDataProviderRef dataProvider = CGDataProviderCreateWithFilename([[WSFUtilities getResourcePath:inName] UTF8String]);
 
    // use the data provider to get a CGImage; release the data provider
    CGImageRef image = CGImageCreateWithPNGDataProvider(dataProvider, NULL, NO,
                                                        kCGRenderingIntentDefault);
    CGDataProviderRelease(dataProvider);
 
    // make a bitmap context of a suitable size to draw to, forcing decode
    size_t width = CGImageGetWidth(image);
    size_t height = CGImageGetHeight(image);
    unsigned char *imageBuffer = (unsigned char *)malloc(width*height*4);
 
    CGColorSpaceRef colourSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
 
    CGContextRef imageContext =
    CGBitmapContextCreate(imageBuffer, width, height, 8, width*4, colourSpace,
                          kCGImageAlphaPremultipliedFirst | kCGBitmapByteOrder32Little);
 
    CGColorSpaceRelease(colourSpace);
 
    // draw the image to the context, release it
    CGContextDrawImage(imageContext, CGRectMake(0, 0, width, height), image);
    CGImageRelease(image);
 
    // now get an image ref from the context
    CGImageRef outputImage = CGBitmapContextCreateImage(imageContext);
 
    CGContextRelease(imageContext);
    free(imageBuffer);
 
    return outputImage;//Need to release by the receiver
}

-(void) setBackgroundImage
{
// other code...

  dispatch_queue_t loadingQueue = dispatch_queue_create("com.testing.imageloading",NULL);
  dispatch_async(loadingQueue, ^{
                CGImageRef outputImage = [self createCGImageFromFile:imagePath];
               dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
               UIImage *image = [[UIImage alloc] initWithCGImage:outputImage];
               CGImageRelease(outputImage);
               yourImageView.image = image;
              [image release];});
              });      
 dispatch_release(loadingQueue);

//other code...
}

Friday, July 6, 2012

UIScrollview scrolling in a non linear fashion!



If you want to implement scrolling something like in the link http://joelb.me/scrollpath/ its not possible using UIScrollView because the contentOffset of the scrollview will increase linearly. Don't worry you can modify the standard scrolling behavior by applying logic something like below code.
In the post I have implemented the UIScrollView in such a way that it scrolls like bazier path and there is a commented code for sine wave testing also. If you comment the bazier code and uncomment the sine wave code… Then the scollview scrolls like sine wave. Cool and simple isn't it :):):)


#Define POINT_A CGPointMake(0, 0)
#Define POINT_B CGPointMake(500, 1024*2)
#Define POINT_C CGPointMake(1000, 1024*1.5)
#Define POINT_D CGPointMake(1800, 0))

#define SCROLLVIEW_HEIGHT (768*3.0)

// simple linear interpolation between two points
CGPoint lerp(CGPoint dest, const CGPoint a, const CGPoint b, const float t)
{
    CGPoint outPoint;
    outPoint.x = a.x + (b.x-a.x)*t;
    outPoint.y = a.y + (b.y-a.y)*t;
    return outPoint;
}

// evaluate a point on a bezier-curve. t goes from 0 to 1.0
CGPoint bezier(CGPoint dest, const CGPoint a, const CGPoint b, const CGPoint c, const CGPoint d, const float t)
{
    CGPoint ab,bc,cd,abbc,bccd;
    ab = lerp(ab, a,b,t);           // point between a and b (green)
    bc = lerp(bc, b,c,t);           // point between b and c (green)
    cd = lerp(cd, c,d,t);           // point between c and d (green)
    abbc = lerp(abbc, ab,bc,t);       // point between ab and bc (blue)
    bccd = lerp(bccd, bc,cd,t);       // point between bc and cd (blue)
    dest = lerp(dest, abbc,bccd,t);   // point on the bezier-curve (black)

    return dest;
}

- (void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
{
    float x = [scrollView contentOffset].x;  

    //Sin wave Testing
    //float y = 90 - sin((x / (768*3))*10)*80;

    //Bazier path
    // 4 points define the bezier-curve. These are the points used
    // for the example-images on this page.
    // Will work for n Points also
    CGPoint a = POINT_A;
    CGPoint b = POINT_B;
    CGPoint c = POINT_C;
    CGPoint d = POINT_D;


    CGPoint p = bezier(p, POINT_A, POINT_B, POINT_C, POINT_D,([scrollView contentOffset].x/SCROLLVIEW_HEIGHT));
    x = [scrollView contentOffset].x;
    y = p.y;

    scrollView.contentOffset = CGPointMake(x, y);
}

Restricting diagonal scrolling in UIScrollview


#Restricting diagonal scrolling

enum EGRIDVIEW_SCROLLDIRECTION {
    eScrollLeft = 0,
    eScrollRight = 1,
    eScrollTop = 2,
    eScrollBottom = 3,
    eScrollNone = 4
    };

-(EGRIDVIEW_SCROLLDIRECTION) getScrollDirection : (CGPoint) startPoint endPoint:(CGPoint) endPoint
{
    EGRIDVIEW_SCROLLDIRECTION direction = eScrollNone;
   
    EGRIDVIEW_SCROLLDIRECTION xDirection;
    EGRIDVIEW_SCROLLDIRECTION yDirection;
   
    int xDirectionOffset = startPoint.x - endPoint.x;
    if(xDirectionOffset > 0)
        xDirection = eScrollLeft;
    else
        xDirection = eScrollRight;
   
    int yDirectionOffset = startPoint.y - endPoint.y;
    if(yDirectionOffset > 0)
        yDirection = eScrollTop;
    else
        yDirection = eScrollBottom;
   
    if(abs(xDirectionOffset) > abs(yDirectionOffset))
        direction = xDirection;
    else
        direction = yDirection;

    return direction;
}

- (void)scrollViewWillBeginDragging:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
{
    mPreviousTouchPoint = scrollView.contentOffset;
}

- (void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)sender
{
    CGPoint offset = self.scrollView.contentOffset;
   
    //Cool... Restricting diagonal scrolling
    mSwipeDirection = [self getScrollDirection:mPreviousTouchPoint endPoint:self.scrollView.contentOffset];
    switch (mSwipeDirection) {
        case eScrollLeft:
            self.scrollView.contentOffset = CGPointMake(offset.x, mPreviousTouchPoint.y);
            break;
           
        case eScrollRight:
            self.scrollView.contentOffset = CGPointMake(offset.x, mPreviousTouchPoint.y);
            break;
           
        case eScrollTop:
            self.scrollView.contentOffset = CGPointMake(mPreviousTouchPoint.x, offset.y);
            break;
           
        case eScrollBottom:
            self.scrollView.contentOffset = CGPointMake(mPreviousTouchPoint.x, offset.y);
            break;
           
        default:
            break;
    }
}

Adding fade Animation to the scrollview


Here is the simple usage of mapping the values to get fade effect while scrolling, I am not going to write whole code. Here is the logic...


- (void)scrollViewWillBeginDragging:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
{
    mPreviousTouchPoint = scrollView.contentOffset;
}


- (void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)sender
{
if(animation == fadeIn)
{
        pageWidth = self.pageSize.size.width;
        page = floor((self.scrollView.contentOffset.x - pageWidth) / pageWidth) + 1;
     
                 //Mapping values from 0-1024(subview frame) to 0-1(alpha range)
        float NewMax = 1;
        float NewMin = 0;
        float OldMax = pageWidth*(page+1);
        float OldMin = pageWidth*page;
     
        int OldValue = mScrollView.contentOffset.x;//doubth
        float newValue = (((OldValue - OldMin) * (NewMax - NewMin)) / (OldMax - OldMin)) + NewMin;
     
               //If it is scrolling to right applying animation to next page
        page = page+1;
     
                 //If it is scrolling to left applying animation to previous page
        if(mPreviousTouchPoint.x > mScrollView.contentOffset.x)
            page = page - 1;
     
        if(page < 0 || page >= mNoOfPages)
           return;
     
                //Applying alpha to the subview, where mSubviewsArray contains all the subviews of a       //scrollview
         UIView *nextPage = [mSubviewsArray objectAtIndex:page];
        if(nextPage)
        {
          if(mPreviousTouchPoint.x > mScrollView.contentOffset.x)
                nextPage.alpha = 1-newValue;
            else
                nextPage.alpha = newValue;
        }
}
}

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Some useful matrix methods...


Every time while developing iOS Applications which use matrix related calculations, I used to think how to convert index to matrix co-ordinate etc. So i thought of writing this one -  why to reinvent the wheel every-time :)

-(NSInteger) getIndexFromMatrix : (CGPoint) inPoint size:(CGSize)gridSize
{
    if( (inPoint.x >= 0 && inPoint.x < gridSize.width) && (inPoint.y >= 0 && inPoint.y < gridSize.height))
        return inPoint.x*(gridSize.width-1) + (inPoint.x+inPoint.y);
    return -1;
}

-(CGPoint) getMatrixFromIndex : (NSInteger) index size:(CGSize)gridSize
{
    return CGPointMake(index/(int)gridSize.width, index%(int)gridSize.height);
}

-(BOOL) isIndexIsDialognal:(CGPoint)index1 andIndex:(CGPoint)index2
{
    return (abs(index1.x - index2.x)==abs(index1.y - index2.y));
}

-(NSMutableArray*) adjacentIndicesForIndex:(CGPoint)inPoint matrixSize:(CGSize) matrixSize
{
    NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray array];
    
    for (int dx = -1; dx <= 1; ++dx) 
        for (int dy = -1; dy <= 1; ++dy) 
            if (dx != 0 || dy != 0
            {
                CGPoint adjacentIndex = CGPointMake(inPoint.x + dx, inPoint.y + dy);
                if(![self isIndexIsDialognal:adjacentIndex andIndex:inPoint]) //Checking for diagonal elements
                {
                    NSInteger index = [self getIndexFromMatrix:adjacentIndex size:matrixSize];
                    if(index >= 0)
                        [array addObject:[NSNumber numberWithInt:index]];
                }
            }
    return array;
}

#Some Coolest thinks i have learnt while developing an application

1. Mapping between two range
   //NewValue = (((OldValue - OldMin) * (NewMax - NewMin)) / (OldMax - OldMin)) + NewMin
  //Mapping values between mStartAngle and mEndAngle
  mCurrentValue = (((timeNow - previousTime) * (mEndingAngle - mStartingAngle)) / (previousTime+fireInterval - previousTime)) + mStartingAngle;

 2. To check if a point is inside a convex polygon
// wn_PnPoly(): winding number test for a point in a polygon
//      Input:   P = a point,
//               V[] = vertex points of a polygon V[n+1] with V[n]=V[0]
//      Return:  wn = the winding number (=0 only if P is outside V[])
//http://www.softsurfer.com/Archive/algorithm_0103/algorithm_0103.htm

// isLeft(): tests if a point is Left|On|Right of an infinite line.
//    Input:  three points P0, P1, and P2
//    Return: >0 for P2 left of the line through P0 and P1
//            =0 for P2 on the line
//            <0 for P2 right of the line
//    See: the January 2001 Algorithm "Area of 2D and 3D Triangles and Polygons"
inline int isLeft( point P0, point P1, point P2 )
{
    return ( (P1.mX - P0.mX) * (P2.mY - P0.mY)
            - (P2.mX - P0.mX) * (P1.mY - P0.mY) );
}

FFBool isPointInsidePolyGon( point P, point* V, int n )
{
    int    wn = 0;    // the winding number counter

  // loop through all edges of the polygon
    for (int i=0; i<n; i++) {   // edge from V[i] to V[i+1]
        if (V[i].mY <= P.mY) {         // start y <= P.y
            if (V[i+1].mY > P.mY)      // an upward crossing
                if (isLeft( V[i], V[i+1], P) > 0)  // P left of edge
                    ++wn;            // have a valid up intersect
        }
        else {                       // start y > P.y (no test needed)
            if (V[i+1].mY <= P.mY)     // a downward crossing
                if (isLeft( V[i], V[i+1], P) < 0)  // P right of edge
                    --wn;            // have a valid down intersect
        }
    }
    return wn;
}